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Arthur Newton

Biography of Private Arthur Newton, (201499)
2nd/4th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment
Died 2nd October 1917

Birth

Arthur Newton was born in Morton, Lincolnshire in c 1899.

His birth was registered in Bourne in the June quarter of 1899 indicating a birth between April and June of that year.

 

Family History

Arthur was the son of Robert Newton an agricultural labourer from Morton and his wife Elizabeth Haresign.

Robert Newton was born in Morton c1860. He married his second wife Elizabeth Haresign in 1886. She was born in Gosberton c1864.

The children of Robert and Elizabeth  are:

Edwin c1895, Arthur c1899 and Willie c1903

On the 1911 census Arthur Newton was living with his parents and siblings at Hacconby Lane, Morton.

The Soldiers Died in the Great War records show Arthur’s place of residence as Bourne Lincolnshire although he enlisted in Morton.

 

Military History

Arthur’s war office records are yet to be uncovered and may be part of the burnt records that were destroyed by fire.

The Medal Rolls show a Arthur was not eligible for the 1915 Star and this coupled with the fact that he was in the 2nd/4th Battalion and his age would indicate that he enlisted quite late into the war.

From the Commonwealth War Graves Commission we know that Arthur was serving in the 4th Battalion, The Lincolnshire Regiment, when he died of wounds on 2nd October 1917 during the Battle of Ypres.

From the history of the Lincolnshire Regiment we can piece together the following information.

Operations near Ypres between the 20th and 25th September have the British line the whole of the Menin Ridge. The next battle was due on the 26th and was devised to push the line further east to a position that would allow a direct attack on the ridge between Noordemdhoek and Broodseinde.

On the night of the 25th/26th the 4th and 5th Lincolnshire Battalions formed up behind the Leicester battalions and at 3:50am the British guns started their bombardment.

At 5:50am the Leicesters took their first objective and at 7:25am the 4th battalion Lincolnshire Regiment went through the Leicester’s line and formed a line about 50 yards to the rear of the barrage with small assaulting columns in file a distance behind.

After taking three pill boxes with little resistance the line dug in behind the barrage with deep narrow trenches allowing patrols to be pushed out and more prisoners taken.

At about 5:30pm the enemy put down a heavy barrage that fell mainly on the support line causing many casualties. An attempted enemy counter attack was broken up. Throughout the night of the 26th / 27ththe shell fire was continuous although the 4th Battalion passed a comparatively quiet night.

The day of the 27th saw heavy enemy shell fire although very few casualties were reported.

The 4th battalion held their positions until the night of the 29th when they were relieved by New Zealand troops and marched back to Red Rose Camp.

Although the Lincolnshire territorials captured their positions without a great deal of opposition the 4thbattalion lost 1 officer and 36 other ranks, 10 officers and 144 other ranks wounded and 18 other ranks missing. The losses of the 5th Battalion were even heavier.

The battalion diary shows that out of 21 officers and 563 other ranks who went into action on the 26thonly 10 officers and 275 other ranks marched out of the trenches.

Mendinghem was one of the names given to the cemeteries around the casualty clearing stations at Proven, Flanders and so it can be assumed that Arthur was wounded at Polygon Wood and taken to Proven where he succumbed to his wounds on 2nd October 1917.

 

Memorial

Private Arthur Newton 201499, 2nd/4th Battalion, The Lincolnshire Regiment, is remembered with honour at Mendinghem Military Cemetary located 17 Kms north-west of Ieper (Ypres) town centre.
Grave Ref: VII. B. 11

Newton small

Newton small gate

Please see below for more pictures from Mendinghem Military Cemetary.

www.flickr.com

Click here for the guide to terms used.

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